Migrantes, Mexico and the United States: Lessons from History and Current Challenges

2 pm

Millions of Mexicans have migrated to the United States over the past 120 years—several million without documents and subject to deportation since the 1970s, and over two million agricultural workers known as braceros in the years after World War II. But net Mexican migration has virtually stopped since the great recession of 2008, and has been replaced by Central Americans fleeing political violence migrating through Mexico and across the border into the United States. At the same time, the United States has adopted a much more muscular policyto stop migration at the border. This presentation analyzes the historical arc of these migrations and argues that history affords some lessons about what to expect from current policies.

Manuel García y Griego is Associate Professor of History and Chicana and Chicano Studies at the University of New Mexico. Previously he has held faculty positions at El Colegio de México (Mexico City), the University of California, Irvine, and the University of Texas at Arlington. He has written widely on Mexican migration and bilateral relations.

This event is free and open to the public

La Canoa: John Mraz “The Braceros Program and the Hermanos Mayo”

2 pm

Please join us as Dr. Mraz examines the Hermanos Mayo, Spanish-Mexican photojournalists whose images of the braceros make up the current NHCC exhibit, Braceros: Photographed by the Hermanos Mayo. The photojournalist collective knew what it meant to emigrate, as their story began during one of the modern world’s great conflagrations: the Spanish Civil War. With the defeat of the Republic in 1939, the Mayo came to Mexico where they worked for more than 40 periodicals, creating an enormous archive of some five million negatives. The Hermanos Mayo’s photographs of the braceros are important for what they show us about these migratory workers and what they tell us about the perspectives of these graphic reporters. It is important to applaud the artfulness of the Mayo collective while recognizing that particular social realities had to exist before they could be reproduced in photographs. As Julio Mayo said, “Photography has its creative part, but within reality.”

John Mraz is Research Professor at the Instituto de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades, Universidad Autónoma de Puebla (Mexico) and National Researcher III. He has published more than 200 articles, book chapters, and essays in Europe, Latin America, and the United States on the uses of photography, cinema, and video in recounting history. Among his books are Photographing the Mexican Revolution; Looking for Mexico: Modern Visual Culture and National Identity; Nacho López, Mexican Photographer, and Uprooted: Braceros in the Hermanos Mayo Lens. He has directed award-winning documentaries, and curated many international photographic exhibits.

And don’t forget to stop in the History and Literary Arts building to see the Braceros exhibit photographed by The Hermanos Mayo.

This event is free and open to the public

Semana Cervantina: Lecture and Discussion “Spain and the Independence of the United States” by Tom Chavez

7 pm

Organized by Instituto Cervantes Albuquerque in collaboration with the National Hispanic Cultural Center and the Spanish Resource Center to commemorate the “International Day of the Book” and the “Day of the Spanish Language.”

“Spain and the Independence of the United States” is a Lecture and discussion group. Historian Dr. Tom Chavez will discuss the making of early U.S. history from Spanish resources, the language of Cervantes.

Dr. Chavez will give a 45-minute lecture and there will be a group discussion to talk in detail about his research and further opportunities for researching in Cervantes’ language. Assistants will need to sign up for the discussion group limited to 20. Contact adx2abq@cervantes.es to register.

Book signing – bring your own book.

Free and open to the public; donations welcome

La Canoa: Valerie Rangel “Environmental Policies, Planning, and Cultural Connections of Nuevo México”

2 pm

Please join Valerie Rangel, community planner and environmental planning consultant, as she shares historical research, land use planning, and policy frameworks that shed light on issues of environmental contamination and public health while uplifting the voices of immigrant farm workers, tribal members, environmental and social activists from the communities of Nuevo México. She will focus on the history and contributions of the communities of Albuquerque, Santa Fe, Pueblo of Isleta as well as sacred sites, the Gila River and Rio Grande.

Valerie Rangel earned a Master’s Degree in Community Regional Planning with an emphasis in environmental and natural resource management, indigenous planning and public health. Her education involved environmental science, southwest history, Native American studies and cultural anthropology. Having taught college science courses, she presently works as an environmental planning and public health assessment consultant and community program manager for the New Mexico Community Foundation (NMCF) and volunteers as a river steward and social justice activist.

This event is free and open to the public

National Poetry Month

Join the NHCC’s History and Literary Arts program for a month of events including widely distributed pocket-size poems (in English and Spanish), poetry readings and book signings (including those associated with the Children’s Bilingual Book Festival), displays, and other events celebrating Latinx poets.  In 2019, for the 100th birthday of Walt Whitman, we will pair several Whitman poems with poems by Latinx writers, creating a “conversation” between poets who never met, but who talk to each other across time.

Continue reading “National Poetry Month”

La Canoa: Daniel Webb “The Power and Place of the Apachería in Colonial New Mexico”

2 pm

Please join Daniel Webb as he examines the history of the diverse population of Athapaskan-speaking peoples identified as Apache (Ndé) in the colonial archives of northern New Spain. He will trace the different stages of their migration and territorial expansion across the vast geographical expanse known as the Apachería (the Apaches’ ancestral homelands), illustrating their relations with other sovereign Indian nations and Hispano settlers, and the policies that Spain introduced in the eighteenth century to restrict their mobility. Through analysis of a wide range of historical materials, including sources from the Spanish Archives of New Mexico and the Archivo General de la Nación de México, Webb’s research highlights the cultural practices and the environmental conditions that allowed the diverse Apache bands, clans and family lineages to flourish in the periphery of colonial New Mexico. Paradoxically, this contributed to the decline of tribal sovereignty in the nineteenth century.

Daniel Webb (University of Chicago, Ph.D. 2017) is a Visiting Scholar at the University of New Mexico’s Center for Regional Studies. He is an early American historian with specializations in Native American, U.S.-Mexico Borderlands, and Latino/a history. His research has been supported by the John Carter Brown Library, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture.

This event is free and open to the public

La Canoa: David Garcia “Acequia Resolanas: Mutuality, Social Praxis and the New Mexico Acequia Movement in the New Millennia”

2 pm

Dr. David Garcia is a Ph.D. Visiting Scholar in the University of New Mexico’s Center for Regional Studies as well as a Part-Time Instructor in the Department of Chicana/Chicano Studies. Dr. Garcia is with the Anthropology Department at the University of Texas at Austin.

Please join Dr. David Garcia as he presents a talk on the role Resolana plays within New Mexico acequia communities. In the last decade, Resolana has functioned as a traditional gathering space, a place of governance, and as an emergent metaphor for social organizing. This talk details how the Resolana is being used by the New Mexico Acequia Association as a central theory which functions as a mode of engagement from acequia canals to the halls of state legislature. Building on the work of La Academia de la Nueva Raza, a 1970s organization based in Embudo, New Mexico, this mode of engagement has continued on as a form of movement-building. The creation of La Escuelita de Las Acequias, within the New Mexico Acequia Association, demonstrates this. In addition, Dr. Garcia will discuss the significance of language performance and space within the resolana and the significant role the resolana plays as a customary infrastructure for the local ethnopoetics of acequia governance in New Mexico.

This event is free and open to the public

La Canoa: Outside the Recipes: the Sustenance of Story

2 pm

Querencia as defined by Nuevomexicano scholar Juan Estevan Arellano is “love of place.”  Please join Dr. Patricia Perea as she presents a talk on the articulation of querencia to speak directly with the writings and experiences discussed in this lecture. These writings include Fabiola Cabeza de Baca’s The Good Life: New Mexico Traditions and Food (2005), Denise Chávez’s A Taco Testimony (2006) and The Pueblo Food Experience: Whole Food of Our Ancestors (2016).  Each of these works connect the texture of food, the complex ties of family, and the starkness of geography to the experience of ancestral memory and belonging. In addition to discussing these narratives, Dr. Perea will also include her own experiences on the road home through community and story.

Dr. Patricia M. Perea currently teaches at the University of New Mexico in the Department of Chicana and Chicano Studies. She completed Ph.D. in American Studies in 2010. Her dissertation and graduate work focused on Mexican American autobiography and visual culture. She is a published poet and continues familial traditions that include weaving and traditional colcha embroidery. Her most recent project was the publication of the cookbook: The Pueblo Food Experience Cookbook: Whole Foods of Our Ancestors. Her future projects include continuing work on recent Mexican American autobiography and the histories and experiences of Mexican Americans in the Texas Panhandle.

La Canoa is a monthly series (August-May) that features talks by Hispanic/Latino academic and community researchers with long-standing and distinguished records of research and teaching about New Mexico and the region.

This event is free and open to the public

 

La Canoa: The Nuclear Option: Perpetuating the Myth of New Mexico as Wasteland

2 pm

Please join UNM Assistant Professor Myrriah Gómez for a presentation on New Mexico and the nuclear option. Long before the nuclear industrial complex began in here in 1942, New Mexico was depicted by outsiders as a “wasteland.” In an effort to combat that historical portrayal, the New Mexico Bureau of Immigration issued Aztlán: The History, Resources and Attractions of New Mexico in 1885, a book that was used to recruit Anglos to New Mexico in an effort to shift the racial and ethnic demographics so as to earn statehood. Building on Anglo rhetoric from the 19th century, the federal government continues to use the same arguments to convert New Mexico into the premier repository for the nation’s nuclear waste. This talk will discuss the rearticulationof New Mexico as a nuclear wasteland in the 20th and 21st centuries.

Myrriah Gómez is a Nuevo Mexicana from the Pojoaque Valley. She is an Assistant Professor in the Honors College at the University of New Mexico. Myrriah’s current book project, NuclearNuevo México: Identity, Ethnicity, and Resistance in Atomic Third Spaces, examines the effects of the nuclear industry on people of color in New Mexico.